In response to this challenge of climate change, a green growth strategy has been proposed for all sectors of the economy focusing on practical and feasible pathways to achieve the overarching goal of sustainable development.

Green growth is defined as the pursuit of economic growth and development, while preventing or minimising environmental degradation, the greenhouse gas emission intensity of production, loss of biodiversity, and using natural resources within their carrying capacity. A green growth strategy aims to outline the various pathways and policies to ensure that enough food is provided, efficiently and sustainably, for a growing population.

This has attracted interest from policy makers and business leaders because it highlights integration and the synergies between growth in production and environmental performance for both policies and business practices (at least in the long run), stresses the opportunities to invest in capital and labour that will promote sustainable development, and focuses on identifying practical policy solutions.